December 8, 2022



Business Ethics Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

When you show respect to someone, that person feels like a valued member of the...

When you show respect to someone, that person feels like a valued member of the team or an important customer. You care about their opinions, you keep your promises to them, and you work quickly to resolve any issues they may have. Other writers criticize these arguments, and in general, the attempt to “wall-off” certain goods and services from markets. Brennan and Jaworksi object to expressive or “semiotic” arguments against markets in contested commodities (cf. Brown & Maguire 2019). Whether selling a particular thing for money expresses disrespect, they note, is culturally contingent. As noted, in recent years the idea that the firm is something that can be owned has been challenged (Bainbridge 2008; Stout 2012; Strudler 2017).

business ethics

The reduction of ethics to abidance to laws and customs, however, have drawn serious criticisms. Neoliberals hold that private property rights are a non-negotiable natural right. Rose finds, “‘Property’ is only an effect, a construction, of relationships between people, meaning that its objective character is contestable. Persons and things, are ‘constituted’ or ‘fabricated’ by legal and other normative techniques.”. The discipline borders behavioral economics, sociology, economics, accounting and management.

Intellectual Property

In case of the boatman, an ethical and effective solution lies in providing him with alternative employment on the bridge itself-as a security man, toll tax collector, etc. However, at most times, profit maximisation and discharging of social responsibilities at the maximum limit, cannot be carried on simultaneously. For example, Concern for Task and Concern for Human Beings are bound to pull each other in opposite directions. It allows critical analysis of business and development of new and different methods. Listen back to our speakers discuss good practice in measuring and assessing culture, the indicators that are used and what kind of assurance board members receive that it is shaping in the desired ways.

  • Mindeli and Pipiya argued that the knowledge economy is an economy of abundance because it relies on the “infinite potential” of knowledge and ideas rather than on the limited resources of natural resources, labor and capital.
  • Such behavior may include making long-distance calls from the office, duplicating the enterprise’s system software to use at home, projecting a false report on the number of worked hours, or falsifying business records.
  • Businesses have responsibilities to their employees, their clients or customers, and, in some cases, to their board of directors.
  • Today, business have found out that they are, in fact, responsible for social welfare, since they live and operate within a social structure.
  • These ethics originate from individuals, organizational statements or the legal system.

We might see price discrimination as an implication of freedom in pricing, and according to a familiar result in economics, price discrimination increases social welfare, provided that it enables producers to increase output . But some instances of price discrimination have come in for criticism. Some believe that this practice is unfair , though they problem may simply be that consumers don’t know what retailers are up to. Some things that firms may wish to sell, and that people may wish to buy, pose a significant risk of harm, to the user and others. In some cases these standards are mandatory (e.g., medicines and medical devices); in other cases they are voluntary (e.g., trampolines and tents). The state identifies minimum standards and individual businesses can choose to adopt more stringent ones.

Ethics And Consumer Pricing

It also demonstrates that the company is serious about equality and treating all people with respect. When a business exercises fairness, it applies the same standards for all employees regardless of rank. The same expectations with regard to honesty, integrity and responsibility placed upon the entry-level employee also apply to the CEO. The business will treat its customers with equal respect, offering the same goods and services to all based on the same terms. A second concern about CPA is that it can undermine the ideal of equality at the heart of democracy . Some corporations have a lot of money, and this can be translated into a lot of power.

Important Frameworks For Business Ethics

Whenever any ethical dilemmas or controversies arise, a business will look to these foundational principles to help resolve those situations. The scholarly literature on CSR is dominated by social scientists. Their question is typically whether, when, and how socially responsible actions benefit firms financially. The conventional wisdom is that there is a slight positive correlation between corporate social performance and corporate financial performance, but it is unclear which way the causality goes (Vogel 2005; Zhao & Murrell 2021).